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பழங்குடியினர் விவகார அமைச்சகத்தின் 2022ஆம் ஆண்டுக்கான செயல்பாடுகள் குறித்த கண்ணோட்டம் / OVERVIEW OF MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS 2022


TAMIL
  • இந்தியாவின் மக்கள்தொகையில் பழங்குடியினரின் எண்ணிக்கை சுமார் 8.6% அதாவது, சுமார் 10.4 கோடி பேர். இந்திய அரசியலமைப்பின் 342 வது பிரிவின் கீழ் 730 க்கும் மேற்பட்ட பழங்குடியினர் பிரிவுகள் இருப்பதாக அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. 
  • பிரதமரின் தொலைநோக்கு பார்வைக்கு ஏற்ப, மத்திய அரசு பழங்குடியினரின் மேம்பாடு, அவர்களின் பாரம்பரியம் மற்றும் கலாச்சாரத்தைப் பாதுகாப்பதில் கவனம் செலுத்துகிறது.
  • பழங்குடியினர் விவகார அமைச்சகம் , இந்த தொலைநோக்கு மற்றும் பழங்குடியினர் நலனுக்கான அதன் நீடித்த அர்ப்பணிப்புக்கு இணங்க, மேம்பட்ட நிதி ஆதாரங்கள், முயற்சிகளின் ஒருங்கிணைப்பு, அமைச்சகத்தின் திட்டமிடல் மற்றும் செயல்படுத்தும் வழிமுறையை மறுசீரமைத்தல் ஆகியவற்றின் மூலம் துறைசார் வளர்ச்சியை உறுதிசெய்யத் தன்னைத் தயார்படுத்திக்கொண்டுள்ளது.
  • 2022-23 ஆம் ஆண்டிற்கான பட்ஜெட் ஒதுக்கீட்டில் பழங்குடியினர் விவகார அமைச்சகத்திற்கு ரூ. 8451 கோடி ஒதுக்கப்பட்டது. இது 12.32% அளவுக்கு அதிகமாகும். 
  • பழங்குடியினப் பிரிவினருக்கு ஒதுக்கப்பட்ட தொகை ரூ. 87,584 கோடி. முந்தைய ஆண்டில் இது ரூ. 78,256 கோடியாக இருந்தது. 41 மத்திய அமைச்சகங்கள் இத்தொகையை பழங்குடியினர் நலன் மற்றும் பழங்குடியினப் பகுதிகளின் மேம்பாட்டுக்காக ஒதுக்க வேண்டும்.
  • பழங்குடியினர் விவகார அமைச்சகம் 26.37 லட்சம் பழங்குடியின மாணவர்களுக்கு நேரடி பணமாற்றம் மூலம் உதவித்தொகையை 1 ஏப்ரல் 2022 முதல் 31 டிசம்பர் 2022 வரை வழங்கியது.
  • பழங்குடியினர் நல அமைச்சகம் 2637669 மாணவர்களுக்கு ரூ. 2149.70 கோடி வழங்கியுள்ளது.
  • குடியரசு தலைவர் திருமதி. திரௌபதி முர்மு, இந்த ஆண்டு நவம்பரில் பழங்குடியினர் கவுரவ தின கொண்டாட்டங்களுக்கு தலைமை தாங்கினார். நவம்பர் 15 ஆம் தேதி , ஜார்கண்ட் மாநிலத்தின் குந்தி மாவட்டத்தில் உள்ள உலிஹாட்டு கிராமத்திற்கு (பகவான் பிர்சா முண்டா பிறந்த இடம்) குடியரசுத் தலைவர் சென்று அங்கு மலர் அஞ்சலி செலுத்தினார்.
  • காஷ்மீர் முதல் கன்னியாகுமரி வரையிலும், குஜராத்தில் இருந்து அருணாச்சல பிரதேசம் வரையிலும் கிராமங்கள் மற்றும் தொலைதூரப் பகுதிகள் உட்பட பல்வேறு நிகழ்ச்சிகள் நடைபெற்றன.
  • குடியரசு துணைத் தலைவர் திரு ஜகதீப் தன்கர், பழங்குடியின சுதந்திரப் போராட்ட வீரர் பகவான் பிர்சா முண்டாவுக்கு, பழங்குடியினர் கவுரவ தினத்தன்று (15 நவம்பர் 2022) நாடாளுமன்ற மலர் அஞ்சலி செலுத்தினார்.
  • விடுதலையின் அமிர்தப் பெருவிழாவின் ஒரு பகுதியாக, 75 ஆண்டுகால முன்னேற்றம், மக்கள், கலாச்சாரம் மற்றும் சாதனைகளின் புகழ்பெற்ற வரலாற்றைக் கொண்டாடவும், நினைவுகூரவும், 12 ஏகலவ்யா மாதிரி உண்டி உறைவிடப் பள்ளிகள் திறந்து வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன. 
  • 2022-23 ஆண்டு திறக்கப்பட்ட 12 பள்ளிகளில், ஆந்திராவில் 4 பள்ளிகளும், அருணாச்சல பிரதேசம் மற்றும் கேரளாவில் தலா 2 பள்ளிகளும், குஜராத், சிக்கிம், தமிழ்நாடு மற்றும் தெலுங்கானாவில் தலா 1 பள்ளிகளும் திறக்கப்பட்டன.
  • பழங்குடியின மாணவர்களுக்கான தேசிய கல்விச் சங்கம், கர்நாடகாவின் பெங்களூருவில் 31 அக்டோபர் 2022 முதல் நவம்பர் 2 வரை தேசிய கலாச்சார விழாவை ஏற்பாடு செய்தது.
ENGLISH
  • Substantial increase of 12.32% in the Budget Outlay of Rs. 8451 Cr for the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for 2022-23
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs disbursed scholarships to 26.37 lakh tribal students through DBT from 1st April 2022 to 31st Dec 2022
  • Cabinet approves total outlay of Rs. 28,920 Cr for setting up of 452 new Eklavya Model Residential schools, upgradation of existing 211 schools and establishment of 15 Centres of Excellence for Sports for the year 2021-22 to 2025-26
  • President of India Smt. Droupadi Murmu leads the celebrations of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas on 15th November 2022
  • Modifications notified in the list of STs of Jharkhand, Tripura, and Uttar Pradesh. Bills for modification in the list of STs of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka passed by Parliament. Bills for modification in the list of Himachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh passed in the Lok Sabha and are pending in the Rajya Sabha.
  • Sh. Amit Shah inaugurates the National Tribal Research Institute in New Delhi on 7th June 2022
  • More than 60,000 people participate in Mega Health Camp organised in Khunti, Jharkhand, on 26th June 2022
  • 2 Days Mega Recruitment Drive of ST girls organised in 4 districts of Jharkhand with support of Ministry of Tribal Affairs; 1898 girls selected
  • Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAAGY) covers 16554 tribal villages for the integrated development
  • Scheduled Tribes (ST) constitute approximately 8.6% of population of India numbering around 10.4 crores. There are over 730 Scheduled Tribes notified under Article 342 of the Constitution of India. In keeping with the vision of Prime Minister, Sh. Narendra Modi of ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas and Sabka Prayaas,’ the Government of India has focused on development of tribes and conservation of their heritage and culture as a priority.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA), in line with this vision and its enduring commitment for welfare of tribals, geared itself to ensure sectoral development through enhanced allocation of financial resources, convergence of efforts, re-engineering of planning and implementation mechanism of the Ministry.
Major highlights of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs during 2022
  • Substantial increase of 12.32% in the Budget Outlay of Rs. 8451 cr for the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for 2022-23
  • The Budget Outlay for the Financial Year 2022-2023 has earmarked an enhanced Total Budget Outlay of Rs. 8451.92 Crores for the Ministry of Tribal Affairs as against Outlay for 2021-2022 of Rs. 7524.87 Crores, thus leading to an increase of 12.32%.  
  • An amount of Rs. 87,584 Cr has been allocated as Scheduled Tribe Component as against an amount of Rs. 78,256 Cr in the previous year. 41 Central Ministries are required to allocate this amount for the welfare of STs and development of tribal areas.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs disbursed scholarships to 26.37 lakh tribal students through DBT from 1st April 2022 to 31st Dec 2022
  • The ministry of tribal affairs disbursed an amount of Rs 2149.70 crore to 2637669 students under various scholarship schemes namely Pre-Matric Scholarship for ST students, Post Matric Scholarship for ST students, National Fellowship Scheme for Higher Education for ST students, National Scholarship Scheme for Higher Education for ST students (Top Class), National Overseas Scholarship for ST students for studying abroad from 1st April 2022 to 31st Dec 2022.
  • President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu, led the celebrations of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas November this year. On Janjatiya Gaurav Divas on 15th November, the President visited Ulihatu village (the birth place of Bhagwan Birsa Munda) in Khunti district of Jharkhand, and paid floral tributes there.
  • Various events and programmes were planned from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh including in villages and remote areas. Several programmes such as organization of marches of youth and performances by tribal artists across states in State capitals; cultural programmes; organization of Seminars/Workshops; essay, songs, dance, sport, and painting competitions, Swachhta campaign were also organised across the country in coordination with State Governments and State Tribal Research Institutes.
  • Vice President & Chairman Rajya Sabha, Sh. Jagdeep Dhankhar along with other Parliamentarians and officials of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and others paid floral tributes to the legendary tribal freedom fighter, Bhagwan Birsa Munda, at Parliament House premises on 15th November 2022, JanJatiya Gaurav Divas.
EMRS Foundation Laying and Inauguration Ceremony
  • Foundation Stone for 20 EMRSs was laid by Central and State level dignitaries in the year 2022-23. These schools are being set up in 14 districts of 6 States. Out of the 20 schools, 11 are in Nagaland, 5 in Odisha and 1 each in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Manipur. These schools are situated in the remotest hilly and forest areas of the country. (List is at Annexure 2)
  • President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu laying Foundation Stone for 10 EMRSs in Nagaland
  • Union Minister of Tribal Affairs, Sh. Arjun Munda, lays foundation stone for EMRS Surguna, Maharashtra
  • As part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, an initiative of the Government of India is to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of progressive India and the glorious history of its people, culture, and achievements, 12 EMRSs have been inaugurated by Central and State level dignitaries in the year 2022-23. Out of the 12 schools inaugurated, 4 schools were inaugurated in Andhra Pradesh, 2 each were inaugurated in Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala, and 1 each in Gujarat, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. (List is at Annexure 3)
Cultural Meet 2022
  • National Education Society for Tribal Students (NESTS) organised the EMRS National Cultural Fest from 31st October to 2nd November 2022 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. Smt. Renuka Singh Saruta, Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs was the Chief Guest, on the momentous occasion.
EMRS Sports Meet 2022
  • The 3rd Edition of the EMRS Sports Meet 2022 was held from 17th- 22nd December 2022. The event was officially opened by the Chief Guest, Smt. Renuka Singh Saruta, MoS Tribal Affairs. 
  • Exuding the spirit of KHELO INDIA, EMRS National Sports Meets inculcate a strong spirit of participation in sports amongst students that will go a long way in showcasing the tremendous potential in sports that tribal students naturally possess and are adept at.
National Award to EMRS Teacher
  • The President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu, bestowed the National Teachers Award- 2022 on Sh. Sidharth Yonzone, an able and outstanding principal of Eklavya Model Residential School (EMRS) Gangyep, Sikkim at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. Sh. Sidharth Yonzone has demonstrated his commitment and diligence towards his profession, by way of making remarkable contributions to elevate the status of EMRS Gangyep and has taken the school to newer heights. 
  • He is the third teacher of an EMRS school to receive the prestigious award, the other two being Shri Pramod Kumar Shukla, Lecturer, Eklavya Model Residential School, Karpawand, Karpawand, Bakawand, Bastar, Chhattisgarh 2021, and Smt. Sudha Painuli, Vice Principal, Eklavya Model Residential School, Jogla, Kalsi, Dehradun, Uttarakhand in 2020.
  • Modification in the list of SCs/STs for inclusion of certain communities in the list of STs in the states of Jharkhand, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh. 
Ministry of Tribal Affairs felicitates Tribal Padma Awardees on 23rd July 2022 in the presence of Scheduled Tribe MPs
  • Celebrating the historical win of Smt. Droupadi Murmu, on becoming the 15th President of India, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, hosted the Tribal Padma Awardees and Scheduled Tribe Members of Parliament from across the nation at the National Tribal Research Institute in New Delhi on 23rd July 2022.
Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution
  • Under the programme of Provision to Article 275(1) of Constitution, Grants are released to 26 States, having ST population for raising the level of Administration in Scheduled Areas and for the welfare of tribal people. This is a Special Area Programme and 100% grants are provided to States. 
  • Funds are released to the state governments depending on the felt needs of ST population to bridge the gap in infrastructure activities in the fields of education, health, skill development, livelihood, drinking water, sanitation, etc.
  • 42 Central Ministries/ Departments have been mandated to earmark DAPST/TSP funds every year for tribal development
  • There are over 730 Scheduled Tribes (STs) notified under Article 342 of the Constitution of India, spread over different States and Union Territories (UTs) of the country.As per the latest guidelines, besides Ministry of Tribal Affairs, 41 Central Ministries / Departments are earmarking a certain percentage of their total scheme allocation as DAPST funds every year. DAPST funds are spent by obligated Central Ministries / Departments under their schemes for various development projects relating to education, health, agriculture, irrigation, roads, housing, drinking water, electrification, employment generation, skill development, etc., for accelerated socio-economic development of Scheduled Tribes in the country. Further, State Governments are also supposed to earmark Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) funds in proportion to ST population (Census 2011) in the State with respect to total State Plan.
Ministry of Tribal Affairs organizes ‘Samvaad’ a virtual interaction of EMRS students of 378 schools with Union Minister Sh. Arjun Munda on 9th August 2022
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs organized ‘Samvaad’ a virtual interaction of students of Eklavya Model Residential Schools with Hon’ble Union Minister for Tribal Affairs, Sh. Arjun Munda, and Hon’ble MoS for Tribal Affairs and Jal Shakti, Sh. Bisweshwar Tudu, on International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples on 9th August 2022 at the National Tribal Research Institute in New Delhi. 378 EMRSs joined the interaction session virtually.
Mega Health Camp organised in Khunti, more than 60,000 people participate
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Ayush and local administration jointly organized a Mega Health Camp on 26th June 2022 in Jharkhand. More than 350 doctors gathered from all over the country to treat more than 60,000 tribal people for sickle cell disease, anaemia, and other diseases. At the Health Fair, doctors examined people free of cost and distributed free medicines.
Union Minister Shri Arjun Munda inaugurates 'Manthan Shivir' at Palghar
  • Hon’ble Union Tribal Affairs Minister Shri Arjun Munda inaugurated a two-day symposium ‘Manthan Shivir’ on the empowerment, welfare, and development of tribal communities at Palghar in Maharashtra on 14th July 2022. The Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs, Shri Bishweshwar Tudu, was also present on the occasion.
  • The Symposium focused on the various programmes under the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav by Eklavya Model Residential Schools, State Fees Fixation Committee, Grants Department and Tribal Museums which organize 'Janjatiya Gaurav Divas' on birth anniversary of freedom fighter Bhagwan Birsa Munda. It also included discussions on Scheduled Tribe Component (https://stcmis.gov.in/), health and education of tribal population.
  • Apart from Maharashtra, representatives of Tribal Welfare Departments from Jammu, Kashmir, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Goa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Nagaland, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu took part in the symposium.
Ministry of Tribal Affairs supports Telangana’s State Festival of Medaram Jathara with added vigour on 17th February 2022
  • Under the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Government of India has announced that tribal culture and heritage will be the cynosure of 2022. Medaram Jathara is conducted in honour of the Goddesses Sammakka and Saralamma. 
  • It is celebrated once in two years in the month of “Magha” (February) on the full moon day. Several STs of different villages assemble there, and lakhs of pilgrims visit the Mulugu District to celebrate the festival with full gusto.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs sanctioned ₹2.26 Crores for various activities pertaining to Medaram Jathara 2022. Medaram Jatara is the second-largest fair of India, celebrated by the second-largest Tribal Community of Telangana - the Koya tribe for four days. 
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs’ continuous support of this festival aims to generate awareness and a harmonious bond between the visitors and the Tribal communities of Telangana. Moreover, it assists the tribals to preserve their unique Tribal Traditions, Culture and Heritage and promote their tribal History on a global scale.
  • During the calendar year, a meeting was held under the Chairmanship of Minister of Tribal Affairs held on 21.10.2022 with the State Governments for ensuring the efficient and expeditious implementation of FRA.
Second Phase of GOAL Programme for uplifting tribal communities through digital entrepreneurship launched on 28th June 2022
  • Sh. Arjun Munda, Minister of Tribal Affairs launched the second phase of the Going Online as Leaders (GOAL) program. The programme is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Meta (Facebook). 
  • GOAL 2.0 initiative aims to digitally upskill 10 lakh youth by on promoting entrepreneurship amongst tribal communities of the country and opening opportunities for them using digital technology.
Aadi Bazaar, a celebration of the spirit of tribal craft, culture, cuisine & commerce inaugurated at Bhopal Haat, Bhopal
  • An Aadi Bazaar, a vibrant exhibition featuring organic tribal products and handcrafted wares, was inaugurated virtually by Sh. Ramsinh Rathwa, Chairman TRIFED on March 21, 2022 in the august presence of Sh. Pabitra Kumar Kanhar, Vice Chairman TRIFED. This 10-day exhibition was held at Bhopal Haat, Bhopal from March 21st- March 30th, 2022 and featured more than 70 stalls representing over 15 states from across the country.
  • These Aadi Bazaars are a part of TRIFED’s intensified efforts to improve the livelihoods of the underprivileged tribals, who have been majorly impacted in the past two years.
  • TRIFED recognizes achievements of 75 tribal women in the field of livelihood generation on International Women’s Day on 8th March 2022
Mega Recruitment Drive of ST girls organised in 4 districts of Jharkhand by TATA Electronics Limited and Tribal Affairs Ministry
  • A 2-day Recruitment Drive was organized in Khunti, Saraikela, Chaibasa and Simdega, by TATA Electronics Private Limited in coordination with the Ministry of Tribal Affairs on September 18th-19th, 2022. The drive was initiated with the efforts of Tribal Affairs Minister, Sh. Arjun Munda, during Sewa Pakhawada being celebrated on the occasion of the Hon. PM’s birthday.
  • The initiative received a great response and more than 2600 girls and young women participated in the recruitment drive from the rural areas of the districts, out of which 1898 girls were selected in 2 days.
Ministry of Tribal Affairs organised One Day Mega Health Camp ‘Abua Bugin Hodmo-Our Better Health’ at Saraikela Kharsawan, Jharkhand
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs successfully hosted a free One-Day Mega Health Camp - 'Abua Bugin Hodmo' ('Our Better Health'), at Seraikela Kharsawan on 4th December 2022. This was the second successful health camp to offer improved healthcare services to the tribal people in the state after the Khunti camp's success in June, 2022.
  • The Mega Health Camp was jointly organised by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Ayush, NHRM, MoHFW, Tata Steel Foundation, and the District Administration, envisaging better health and related facilities for the tribal society. The programme had notable participation from Sh. Arjun Munda, Union Minister for Tribal Affairs, Sh. Champai Soren, Minister of Transport, Govt. of Jharkhand, Sh. Bidyut Baran Mahato, MP (Jamshedpur).
Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAAGY)
  • Holistic Development of tribal dominated villages through convergence Ministry of Tribal Affairs has revamped the earlier Scheme of ‘Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS) with nomenclature ‘Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojna (PMAAGY),’ for implementation during 2021-22 to 2025-26, which aims at integrated development of villages with significant tribal population covering about population of 4.22 crore (About 40% of the total Tribal Population). It is envisaged to cover 36,428 villages having at least 50% tribal population and 500 STs across States / UTs with notified STs. The main objective of this scheme is to achieve integrated socio-economic development of selected villages through convergence approach. During 2021-22 and 2022-23, a total of about 16554 villages have been taken up. So far, an amount of Rs. 1927.00 Crore has already been released to the States.

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